Monday Morning Review: Local Governments in the Federal Appellate Courts

Here are last week’s published decisions involving local governments:court collumn

Sixth Circuit

  • Cass v. City of Dayton, No. 13-4409 (Oct. 16, 2014): In 1983 action alleging that officer used excessive force in violation of the Fourth Amendment, the court affirmed summary judgment for defendants because officer’s conduct was objectively reasonable and did not violate Fourth Amendment.

Seventh Circuit

Ninth Circuit

  • C.B. v. City of Sonora, No. 11-17454 (Oct. 15, 2014) (en banc): In case where C.B., an 11-year-old child with attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder, brought Fourth-Amendment claim after officers handcuffed and removed him from school grounds when he refused to leave the playground, the court ruled that: (i) trial court’s jury instructions did not constitute plain error; (ii) the trial court did not abuse its discretion when ruling on evidentiary matters; (iii) officers’ decision to seize C.B., viewed most favorably to C.B., was not clearly established as unconstitutional;and (iv) officers were not entitled to qualified immunity on C.B.’s excessive-force claim.
  • Lopez-Valenzuela v. Arpaio, No. 11-16487 (Oct. 15, 2014) (en banc): The en banc court ruled that Proposition 100, an Arizona ballot measure that forbids granting undocumented immigrants arrested for felony offenses any form of bail or pretrial release, violates substantive due process.

(Oct. 13, 2014-Oct. 17, 2014)

Image courtesy of Flickr from Ken Lund (creative-commons license, no changes made).